Guatemala is located in Central America and shares borders to the north and west with Mexico, to the southeast with El Salvador and Honduras, to the northeast with Belize and the Caribbean Sea and to the south with the Pacific Ocean.
A number of cities are worth visiting - Guatemala City is the largest urban centre in Central America. Quiriguá is remarkable for its memorials of the ancient Mayan Empire while Zacapa, Esquipulas and Chiquimula have some of the finest colonial churches in the Americas. Guatemala is split almost down the middle, by a mountain range which forms two mountain systems: the Sierra Madre, which is parallel to the Pacific Ocean, and the Cuchumatanes Range, in Huehuetenango.
The vegetation of the area differs with the altitude, ranging from weeds, bushes and ferns to palms. There are more than 50 species of trees and hundreds of orchids and bromeliads. Butterflies, beetles, amphibians, lizards and snakes are plentiful. The most spectacular bird of the region is the quetzal - the national bird of Guatemala.
Travel Documents Needed
When travelling outside of your home country you should always have a valid passport.
A passport that is valid.
Always check with your travel agent regarding current entry requirements.
1 quetzal = 100 centavos
GUATEMALA Full name
Republic of Guatemala
GUATEMALA GNI per capita
US $2,680 (World Bank, 2008)
GUATEMALA International dialling code
GUATEMALA Main exports
Coffee, sugar, bananas, fruits and vegetables, meat, petroleum, cardamon
GUATEMALA Major languages
Spanish, more than 20 indigenous languages
14 million (UN, 2009)