Nicaragua is the largest country of Central America, with a population of 4.6 million people. Itís capital is Managua. It is bordered by Honduras on the north, the Caribbean Sea on the east, Costa Rica on the south and the Pacific Ocean on the west.
In the north are the Isabella Mountains. The countryís main feature in the southwest is Lake Nicaragua, 148km long and 55km at its widest. There are 310 islands on the lake, with Ometepe being the largest. These islands are one of the country's main tourist attractions. Lake Managua is situated to the northwest. Volcanoes, including the famous Momotombo, rise from the lowlands northwest of the lakes. The main rivers are the San Juan and the Rio Grande. The Corn Islands are two small islands fringed with white coral and palms, popular as holiday resorts with both Nicaraguans and tourists.
It is a land of beautiful beaches, crystal clear water, rugged and tropical rivers, and colonial cities.
Travel Documents Needed
When travelling outside of your home country you should always have a valid passport.
Passport must be valid 6 months beyond stay in Nicaragua.
Always check with your travel agent regarding current entry requirements.
120,254 sq km (46,430 sq miles)
1 gold cordoba = 100 centavos
Nicaragua Full name
Republic of Nicaragua
Nicaragua GNI per capita
US $1080 (World Bank, 2008)
Nicaragua International dialling code
Nicaragua Main exports
Coffee, meat, shellfish, sugar, tobacco, cattle, gold
Nicaragua Major languages
Spanish, English, indigenous languages
5.7 million (UN, 2009)